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Voluntary National Reviews 2023


Humankind is facing unprecedented challenges today. The 2015 United Nations' adoption of programmatic policies to steer sustainable development was a crucial step towards addressing these challenges. However, halfway through the timeline, we have fallen short of meeting our objectives. Yet, there still is a chance to shift course if we act collectively as change-makers.

Besides institutional efforts, it has become clear that we must create a critical mass committed to transforming mindsets and embodying the values outlined in the 2030 Agenda. These governing principles have been present throughout history, and we can draw on various sources of wisdom and inspiration to guide us.

Since 1992, the year of Rio Declaration on Environment and Development , the five crucial attitudes for sustainability highlighted in the book Beyond the Limits: Global Collapse or a Sustainable Future were: Truth-telling, Visioning, Connecting, Learning, Love. Travelling in time, 16 years later, the five ways to happiness and wellbeing were identified as Notice!, Be Active!, Connect!, Learn! and Give!. And because sustainable development is all around us, Pope Benedict XVI’s encyclical, Caritas in veritate, outlined five essential human development dimensions: Embrace reality; Uphold Justice/Solidarity; Foster Community and Cooperation; Encourage Intelligence/Innovation; and Practice Love.

Achieving sustainable future rests on our ability to actualize a holistic vision embodying these principles, through leadership and cooperation.

Romania reaffirms its strong commitment to pursuing SDGs and its dedication to being a proactive partner and a regional hub. The Department of Sustainable Development, established in 2017 and placed under the Prime Minister's authority, serves as a robust entity for coordinating the national implementation of the 17 SDGs.

Following the release of its first VNR in 2018, Romania took a comprehensive approach to sustainable development, addressing all 17 SDGs, by adopting the National Strategy for Sustainable Development 2030. In 2022, Romania developed the National Action Plan to implement the Strategy, providing a 2030 roadmap, prioritizing strengthening and improving governance framework, raising awareness through education and training, promoting sustainable development principles, monitoring and evaluating the progress.

To monitor and evaluate Romania's progress in implementing the Strategy, 99 national indicators are overseen by the National Institute of Statistics. These indicators are linked to EUROSTAT indicators or correspond to global indicators of the 2030 Agenda.

To facilitate the implementation of sustainable development principles in the business sector and fulfill the targets outlined in the Strategy, Romania has developed in 2022 the Romanian Sustainability Code. Moreover, an open-data platform has been established to enable reporting entities to share reports and sustainability best practices.

Romania has established a comprehensive governance structure to pursue SDGs, based on multi-level decision-making and cross-sectoral collaboration, which has been endorsed by the OECD.

The highest level of decision-making is represented by the Interdepartmental Committee for Sustainable Development, comprising all ministers and presided over by the Prime Minister, inter-institutional structure overseeing the implementation, monitoring, and review of the Strategy.



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